The Gospel According to Abraham

  1. What was the dominant Jewish theology of the day in regards to faith and works with respect to salvation? (3:27) How was Abraham justified before God? (4:3-5) What was the content of Abraham’s faith based on Genesis 12:1-3 and Genesis 15:1-6?

  2. Was Abraham justified by faith before receiving the sign of circumcision or after it? (4:10) Since his faith preceded the sign, how did this change the mindset of the Jews’ religious superiority based on circumcision? (3:29-30; 4:9-10) What was the meaning of the circumcision? (4:11) What is the new covenant sign that replaced circumcision? (Col 2:11-12) Do any of these signs save anyone?

  3. Since we are not saved by the works of the law, why is Paul teaching to uphold the law? (3:31) What part of Mosaic law is still applied to Christians?

  4. What is the most helpful thing to you in this text or the sermon on the text?